Crimes are tailored to be as offences against the social order in a community according to the criminal law and this has been proved to be disturbing the peace of the sovereign in common law jurisdictions. There are government officials who are responsible for the prosecution of these criminals and the sovereign will definitely be the criminal law “plaintiff”.
Civil law focuses in individual compensation while prevention and punishment is the main goal of criminal law. Read more about this through this link. There are actually two different elements of criminal offences and these are the physical acts, where the murder is the unlawful act of taking someone’s life/killing a person and the requisite mental state, where killing of a person was intended or had already caused an intolerable injury. In order for the defendants to negate or lessen their criminal responsibility which may be inflicted, criminal law also will analyze the defenses that defendants may take. To address an offender does not need a victim or a victim’s consent to push through criminal law.
Criminal law both the common and civil law, in most jurisdiction is divided into two fields. Similar data about this are disclosed at http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/143120/criminal-law. Criminal procedure administers the process for undertaking violations of criminal law and substantive criminal law administers the punishments for various crimes.
Criminal law will differentiate crimes from civil wrongs like breach of contract and such should a crime is made. Both criminal law and civil law are entirely different but to know more, criminal law is a system of organizing the actions of groups and individuals connected to a community where civil law, on the other hand, is solely focused on a relationship between two private individuals and their rights and obligations under the law. Read additional information about this when you click through the given link. There are in fact, many ancient legal systems that did not clearly define the major differences between criminal and civil law because there was a slight difference in England until the codification of criminal law that happened in the late nineteenth century and in most U.S. law schools, the fundamentals or basic course in criminal law is actually based upon the English common criminal law of 170 with, of course, some minor American modifications like the clarification of mens rea in the Model Penal Code.
Here will be some of the types of criminal laws so you would be aware: Arrest and Searches, Drug crimes, Juvenile Law, Drunk Driving or others commonly know them as DUI (Driving Under the Influence of alcohol), DWI (Driving While Impaired with alcohol), Parole, Probation, Pardons, Violent Crimes, White Collar Crimes and Military Law.